Introduction to Daniel Chapter 12
The first three verses of this chapter are a continuation of the prophecy started in 11:1. Most scholars feel these verses should have been part of chapter 11, since its part of the same event.
The first three verses deal with the last half of tribulation, and merge into the Millennium of blessing and touch on the great white throne judgment and eternity.
The last ten verses fill in some very specific details and events to close of seven-year tribulation period.
The Great Tribulation
1 “At that time Michael shall stand up, The great prince who stands watch over the sons of your people; And there shall be a time of trouble, Such as never was since there was a nation, Even to that time. And at that time your people shall be delivered, Every one who is found written in the book.
At that time: The flow of time is a continuation of the events occurring in chapter11:36 to 45. At the close of verse 45, the Antichrist has enteredIsrael and is about to desecrate the Temple.
he shall plant the tents of his palace between the seas and the glorious holy mountain
This event as noted earlier in chapter 11 is the mid-point of the tribulation period occurring 3 ½ years into the seven-year agreement. At this point, the Antichrist will proclaim he is god, and demand the whole Earth to worship him. Israel rejects his claim, and turns toward Jesus Christ as their Messiah. This turn is the result of the ministry of the two witnesses, one being Elijah and the other either Moses or Enoch.
5 Behold, I will send you Elijah the prophet Before the coming of the great and dreadful day of the Lord.
6 And he will turn The hearts of the fathers to the children, And the hearts of the children to their fathers, Lest I come and strike the earth with a curse.”
They according to Revelation 11:3,10, from Jerusalem unleash God’s judgments on the world, turning the world against them, causing the Antichrist to attack Jerusalem and silence their work. The Antichrist stops sacrifice at the Temple, and engages the two witnesses in what seems to be battle.
And if anyone wants to harm them, fire proceeds from their mouth and devours their enemies. And if anyone wants to harm them, he must be killed in this manner.
Michael: The angel Michael is reintroduced here, the first mention of him in the bible occurred in Daniel chapter 10, where he helped the current angel speaking with Daniel, resist the demonic, “Prince of Persia” who tried to prevent Daniel from receiving this message. (Daniel 10:13,21).
We again see him, now intervening on Israel behalf at the middle of tribulation period. Revelation 12, also corresponds with events taking place on earth, revealing the spiritual events in the heavenly realms. Michael and his angels are finally permitted to engage Satan and his angels, who up to this period, had access to Heaven to accuse God’s servants on earth. At the mid-point this access ceases, and Satan and his forces sent to earth where Satan will make his last stand in the person of the Beast or Antichrist.
7 And war broke out in heaven: Michael and his angels fought with the dragon; and the dragon and his angels fought,
8 but they did not prevail, nor was a place found for them in heaven any longer.
9 So the great dragon was cast out, that serpent of old, called the Devil and Satan, who deceives the whole world; he was cast to the earth, and his angels were cast out with him.
10 Then I heard a loud voice saying in heaven, “Now salvation, and strength, and the kingdom of our God, and the power of His Christ have come, for the accuser of our brethren, who accused them before our God day and night, has been cast down.
Upon being cast to Earth, Satan making his last and final stand before the close of this age attempts to destroy Israel, hoping to thwart God’s will.
Time of trouble: This is a unique period, unlike any period in the history of the world. The period is called the time of Jacob’s trouble (Jeremiah 30:6). At this moment, it seems like Israel is finally destroyed and Satan, who now incarnates the Antichrist is victorious.
Never….since…nation: This period is tied to the event known as the “Abomination of Desolation”. Jesus specifically references Daniel, about this event at the end of time. Antiochus IV Epiphanes, 167 years before Jesus, desolated the Temple as prophesied in (Daniel 8:12,11:31) by setting up an image in the Temple.
Jesus 200 years later, reference a future Temple desolation as a signal to flee the city of Jerusalem, as an unparalleled destruction is about to fall on the Earth.
14 “And this gospel of the kingdom will be preached in all the world as a witness to all the nations, and then the end will come. 15 “Therefore when you see the ‘abomination of desolation,’ spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing in the holy place” (whoever reads, let him understand), 16 “then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains.
There are several important points to understand here, Jesus by referencing Daniel affirms the book of Daniel as inspired. Jesus also affirms the need for a Third Temple, by linking “The end” with the abomination of desolation. Jesus tells us what follows the Abomination of Desolation, is unique and unparalled in humanity, from man’s creation until the end of time, reiterating this period as the same being reference here in Daniel 12:1.
24:21 “For then there will be great tribulation, such as has not been since the beginning of the world until this time, no, nor ever shall be.
24:22 “And unless those days were shortened, no flesh would be saved; but for the elect’s sake those days will be shortened.
People delivered: This is the final phase of Israel’s humiliation in the eyes of the world, at this point Israel is on its way for its full restoration and blessing in the Millennial age. Obedient Israel, will reject the Antichrist and his claims to self deification.
Every one found book: According to Zechariah 13:9, 1/3 of Israel is saved and enters the Millennium age of blessing. Those who flee Jerusalem through the mountain valley of the Mt. Olives will survive the tribulation (Zechariah 14:4)
Israel will finally understand, Jesus was the Messiah, he came and suffered for the sins of humanity (Isaiah 52:13-53:12). When Israel cries out to Jesus, he will return as promised, before he was crucified, but not until Israel recognizes Him as their Messiah.
38 “See! Your house is left to you desolate;
39 “for I say to you, you shall see Me no more till you say, ‘Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord!’ ” Matthew 23:38-39
Christ returns with the armies of heaven (Revelation 19:11-17) (Zechariah 12:10), to a repentant Israel who understands Jesus the Messiah (Christ) is their only hope. At this point, Israel is restored, and the Millennium is put in motion, starting with the resurrection of the saints killed
2 And many of those who sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, Some to everlasting life, Some to shame and everlasting contempt.
Many of those: What event follows this horrendous period of judgment on the world? What follows is a period of blessing and reward. Outside of the Temple mount, on the Mount of Olives is a Jewish cemetery facing the Temple. The hope those being buried there is the resurrection, to see the Messiah at the resurrection when Messiah kingdom is established.
Paul links Israel’s national conversion, with the resurrection in the book of Romans,
15 For if their being cast away is the reconciling of the world, what will their acceptance be but life from the dead? Romans 11:15
The resurrection has two parts, a resurrection of the just and a resurrection of the unjust. The timing of these two parts has caused great debate and division. Who is resurrected? Moreover, when?
There are several view of the resurrection;
- 1. At the end of time there is one resurrection of the just and unjust, known as the “General resurrection” a view held by AMillennialists and post-millennialist.
- 2. There are two distinct resurrections, the resurrection of the saved, and the unsaved. The first resurrection takes place before the Millennium and the second, of the unsaved, takes place after the millennium. This view often held by pre-millennialists.
- 3. Under the Pre-millennial heading, there are three view of when the rapture occurs, the first resurrection.
- a. Pre-tribulation: The first resurrection takes place in two phases, the first phase when the when the church is raptured before the tribulation, and the second phase when the saints killed during the tribulation are resurrected to rule and reign with Christ for 1000-years. (I Thes 4;13, Revelation 20:4). In addition, many commentators view the Old Testament saints, such as Daniel being part of the second phase of the first resurrection, when the Jewish saints killed in the tribulation are resurrected following the return of Messiah.
- b. Mid-tribulation: The resurrection occurs at the middle of the tribulation period, followed by second resurrection at the end of the tribulation for saints killed during the last half.
c.post-tribulation: Immediately after the tribulation (Matthew 24:30), before Christ returns the saints are resurrected to return with Christ and establish the Millennial kingdom.
Everlasting life: Here we see a distinction between two groups of people, the wicked and the wise. Both groups referred to earlier will be resurrected, with different results. The wise will have everlasting life serving the kingdom of Messiah. The resurrection was event mentioned several times in the Old Testament. (Job 19:25-27, Isaiah 26:19).
The distinction between the two phases and groups resurrected is not made till later, upholding the principle of greater revelation built on earlier revelations. Similar to the prophecy regarding Messiah, the seed of the women (Gen. 3:15), greater revelation is built on earlier revelation.
Jesus reinforces the dual nature of resurrection for the just and unjust.
28 “Do not marvel at this; for the hour is coming in which all who are in the graves will hear His voice
29 “and come forth-those who have done good, to the resurrection of life, and those who have done evil, to the resurrection of condemnation.John 5:28-29
Everlasting contempt: In the book of Revelation, we are given a greater revelation of God’s plan of resurrection. According to Revelation, following a one-thousand year period of time, the Millennium, all those not part of the first resurrection are resurrected to give an account of their works, done in their body. They are sent to theLake of fire, for the rest of eternity, apart from God, bearing their shame (Revelation 20:13-15).
Reward for the Righteous
3 Those who are wise shall shine Like the brightness of the firmament, And those who turn many to righteousness Like the stars forever and ever.
Those who are wise: Daniel brings hopes to those in tribulation with the promise of reward for the righteous. Daniel, going back to Antiochus IV, separates humanity into two groups, the wise and the wicked. The wicked are not aware of what awaits, them the wise are and will be rewarded for a faithful life in spite of death and suffering in this life at the hands of the wicked.
Turn many to righteousness: All who the saved, resurrected following the return of Christ will be part of His Millennial Kingdom. However, there will be degrees of reward based on faithfulness of the life lived in the body. Those who were obedient will be given a greater responsibility in the Millennium. The parable of the talents and mina, Matthew 25:14-30 and Luke 19:11-27 are directly related to the Millennium. Jesus in Luke, refers to the servant who took his masters 5 mina and made another 5 mina. The master, who went to claim a kingdom, give the responsible servant charge of 10 cities based on his service in his absence.
Stars: Just as there are earthly stars, their will be heavenly stars. Those who serve faithfully and turn many to righteousness will be the stars of God’s kingdom. Shining out, in contrast to others for the rest of eternity.
The Conclusion of the Revelation
4 “But you, Daniel, shut up the words, and seal the book until the time of the end; many shall run to and fro, and knowledge shall increase.”
Shut up the words: The angel now instructs Daniel, stop the book, the book of Daniel is intended for an end time audience. The book would closed to understanding until the time of the end.
Today, as Israel is restored and the world is in conflict around Jerusalem, the words of Daniel become clear. The seal of understand the words are being removed as we approach the events talked about by the prophet Daniel.
Many: Some this man who run as the prophecy about the increase in transportation in the end, the speed of transit, running here and there. Others view this as man’s quest for understanding, searching here and there.
Knowledge: There are two views of this prophecy as referring to general knowledge or prophetic knowledge. The Hebrew word, t[dDa`ath is translated knowledge, perception, skill. Human knowledge has increased, only to cause man to turn from God and make himself an idol. This human idolatry is ultimately realized in the Antichrist, who exalts himself.
How long until the end
5 Then I, Daniel, looked; and there stood two others, one on this riverbank and the other on that riverbank.
6 And one said to the man clothed in linen, who was above the waters of the river, “How long shall the fulfillment of these wonders be?”
7 Then I heard the man clothed in linen, who was above the waters of the river, when he held up his right hand and his left hand to heaven, and swore by Him who lives forever, that it shall be for a time, times, and half a time; and when the power of the holy people has been completely shattered, all these things shall be finished.
8 Although I heard, I did not understand. Then I said, “My lord, what shall be the end of these things?”
Stood two others: Again, we are back to the scene in Chapter 10, Daniel is by the river Tigress, with two additional angels. At this point there are either 3 to 4 individuals in addition to Daniel. The message just received, Daniel 11:1 to 12;3 was given to Daniel by the angel who along with Michael resisted the “Prince of Persia”.
Daniel now is alerted to two additional angels, on both sides of the river. They themselves, are perplexed by the prophecy just delivered to Daniel.
One said: one of the two, asked the “Man clothed in linen”, he is the one first seen by Daniel at the start of chapter 10, which caused Daniel to fall, face first into a deep sleep (Dan. 10:5,6). This is more then likely a Christophany, an appearance of Christ in the Old Testament.
How long: The angels ask the question, which shed light on the timing of the events of this prophecy and its fulfillment. Here we are given specific timing of events which corresponds to events leading to the completion of the time determined on Daniel’s people and city (Daniel 9:24-27).
Time, times and half a time: The “Man clothed in linen” responds, with the phrase used in Daniel 7:25 and Revelation 12:14, meaning; time: one year times: two yearshalf a time: ½ year. This equals 3 ½ years. This corresponds to the second half of the tribulation period, 42 months or 1260 days. The man is telling the two angels, at the conclusion of the 3 ½ years, when Israel’s own power is completely shatteredprophecy will be accomplished.
Only after Israel’s own power is shattered will they rely on God’s power, and the work of the Messiah who was rejected by the nation, and awaits their acceptance (Matthew 23:38-39)
I did not understand: The understand of this prophecy was sealed to Daniel for the time. At this time the Temple was not even rebuilt from the Babylonian destruction in 586 B.C. The Temple and the city of Jerusalem needed to be rebuilt and destroyed again. Israel would then be scattered over a period of time, then the Temple would need to be rebuilt again.
Today, we understand how all these events fit into God’s plan. Even a hundred years ago, much of what we understand about Daniel is now becoming more clear.
Concluding Explanation of the angel
9 And he said, “Go your way, Daniel, for the words are closed up and sealed till the time of the end.
10 “Many shall be purified, made white, and refined, but the wicked shall do wickedly; and none of the wicked shall understand, but the wise shall understand.
11 “And from the time that the daily sacrifice is taken away, and the abomination of desolation is set up, there shall be one thousand two hundred and ninety days.
12 “Blessed is he who waits, and comes to the one thousand three hundred and thirty-five days.
13 “But you, go your way till the end; for you shall rest, and will arise to your inheritance at the end of the days.”
Closed up and sealed: Daniel, instructed to depart, by the “Man clothed in linen”, lets Daniel understand the message is not for him to completely understand now. The message is for an end times audience.
Till the time: This message of Daniel will be understood in the time of end. For this reason, Daniel is hard to understand for those who are not at the time of end. Again, only after Israel was restored, fulfilling end time prophecy, and the movement for rebuilding the Temple do we see how the events fit into the End time events.
Daniel is an end times book for an end times audience. The words in Daniel apply to all generations, but its complete understand will be left to the time of the end.
Many purified: The purpose of this process in time is to distinguish between two groups of people, the wicked and the righteous. The process of life and tribulation, polishes the righteous who understand, while the same time the wicked are exposed and don’t understand.
Wise shall: Understanding Daniel, and living righteously is a sign of wisdom, as opposed to wickedness. The wicked are not aware of their judgment until its too late, the righteous are purified in the process of life.
Time …daily sacrifice: The start of the second half of the tribulation begins with the stopping of the sacrifice by the Antichrist. After he confronts the two witnesses inJerusalem, the sacrifice is stopped. A battle ensues over the next 30 days, where the resurrected Antichrist, now incarnated by Satan, kills the two witnesses and constructs an image in the Temple of himself.
He declares himself god and demands worship, by those on Earth.
3 Let no one deceive you by any means; for that Day will not come unless the falling away comes first, and the man of sin is revealed, the son of perdition,
4 who opposes and exalts himself above all that is called God or that is worshiped, so that he sits as God in the temple of God, showing himself that he is God.
2 Thess. 2:3-4
Abomination of desolation: Like his predecessor, Antiochus IV Epiphenes, the Antichrist will also desolate the third Temple. An image of him will be set up, and all will be demanded to worship this image. Communist systems, are great example of the natural progression of atheism. The same system which disavow the worship of God, replace God worship with man worship. Lenin, for example was kept in a refrigerated coffin, so countless generations to come could look on his dead body. Huge statues and images of leaders are constructed, the worship of God is replaced by the worship of personality cult.
This is ultimately manifest in the end times, as the final world leader makes himself the focus of all religious attention.
1290 days: The 1260 days of the 2nd half of the tribulation, plus 30 days of the first half of the tribulation equal 1290 days. The mid-point begins with the stopping of sacrifice and construction of an image the Temple. This period takes 30 days, followed by the 2nd half of Daniel’s 70th week, 1260 days, 3 ½ years, 42 months or a “Time, Times and ½ a Time” is 1290 days.
Blessed is he comes: When Christ returns, he will judge the nations. All the wicked will not die at Armageddon. However, most of those on the earth at the start of the tribulation period, die in the tribulation a certain percentage, survive the tribulation and are alive when Christ returns.
The determination of who enters the Millennium from those who survive the tribulation is seen in the judgment of the ‘Goats and Sheep’ Matthew 25:31-46.
31 “When the Son of Man comes in His glory, and all the holy angels with Him, then He will sit on the throne of His glory. 32 “All the nations will be gathered before Him, and He will separate them one from another, as a shepherd divides his sheep from the goats. 33 “And He will set the sheep on His right hand, but the goats on the left.
34 “Then the King will say to those on His right hand, ‘Come, you blessed of My Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world:
Only the sheep will enter the Millennium, the just survivors on the earth. They along with the remnant of Israel preserved by God will repopulate the Earth. The saints, Old Testament and New Testament will rule and administer the Kingdom of Messiah. For example the Disciples will rule and judge Israel in the Millennium as the nation becomes the chief nation on earth.
28 So Jesus said to them, “Assuredly I say to you, that in the regeneration, when the Son of Man sits on the throne of His glory, you who have followed Me will also sit on twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel. Matthew 19:28
For someone who survives the Tribulation period where most on the earth die, and then is found just enough to enter the Millennium the will be blessed.
1335 days: The transition from the old order to the new order will take 45 days. During this period several events will take place.
- The angels will be judged. ( I Corinthians 6:3, Matthew 25:41)
- The survivors will be judged (Matthew 25:31-46)
- Assignments for the saints will set in motion (Daniel 12:13, Jeremiah 30:9, Matthew 19:28)
- Nations, property and laws will be established for the next 1000 years (Zechariah 14:17-21)
you shall rest: Daniel will die, but his death is only temporary. He is promised resurrection and inheritance in the kingdom to come.
your inheritance: Daniel will receive his reward and established in the coming kingdom.
end of days: the final days of the world as we know it. Leading to thekingdom of Messiah, where Daniel will rule as judge along with the New and Old Testament saints.