Resulting Persecutions of Israel
DA 11:32 “Those who do wickedly against the covenant he shall corrupt with flattery; but the people who know their God shall be strong, and carry out great exploits.
DA 11:33 “And those of the people who understand shall instruct many; yet for many days they shall fall by sword and flame, by captivity and plundering.
DA 11:34 “Now when they fall, they shall be aided with a little help; but many shall join with them by intrigue.
DA 11:35 “And some of those of understanding shall fall, to refine them, purify them, and make them white, until the time of the end; because it is still for the appointed time.
Those who do wickedly: The Temple became a test for those in Israel. Those who aligned themselves with Antiochus showed their wickedness.
People who know their god: The wickedness cause the faithful to make a stand in the days of Antiochus IV. Matthias and his sons, known as the Maccabeans rebelled against the policies of Antiochus and led a guerilla war against the Greeks. They were able to reestablish the Temple practices. The Temple was rededicated in a service that is known as Hannauch, when the oil only enough for one day lasted eight.
People who understand: Daniel 11 draws a contrast between two groups of people, those, who know God and understand and the wicked who act against God. This line does not stop and the Maccabeans but will continue to the end. This pattern was set in Daniel chapter 8, where told about the coming “Abomination of desolation” by Antiochus Epiphanes who would desolate the Temple.
Antiochus is merely a picture a future and greater desolater who is coming in the end of Days.
Yet for many days: The time of Antiochus set the example for future Israel, Here we see the period of persecution is long and involves many days and many people.
Many shall join: During this time gap many will make the choice of joining those who understand or joining those who are in rebellion against God.
Refine: This period of time is one of refining, where the people of God are made white by the trials of life.
Until the time of the end: This purification process will continue till the end. The time of the end is a period covered from Daniel 11:36- to 12:2. At this point Israel is reestablished after a long period of desolations. This gap in time, is demonstrated in the Iron legs and Iron/Clay feet, the break between Daniel 9:26, the killing of Messiah the destruction of the Temple and Daniel 9;27 when the Temple is back in service.
|First Period||Second Period|
|Daniel 2||Iron Legs||Iron/Clay Feet|
|Daniel 8||Antiochus IV||Antichrist|
|Daniel 9||Temple destroyed||Temple Rebuilt|
Still for the appointed time: God is in charge of the pace of events
Introduction to Chapter 11 Part 2
Chapter 11 of Daniel is divided into two parts, the first part covers from the Persian kingdom to the time of Antiochus IV Epiphanes. Antiochus IV attempt to transformJudah and Jerusalem into a Greek outpost of his kingdom, on the border of advancing Roman power, caused the revolt of the Maccabees.
The abomination of desolation in Daniel 11:31, the desecration of the Jewish Temple by Antiochus IV caused a reaction, known as the Maccabean rebellion. Antiochus IV rededicated the Jewish Temple as the a temple to Zeus, picturing himself as the god on December 25th, 167 B.C.
Mattathias, a older priest, with five sons rejected Antiochus IV and led guerilla war and rebellion against the Greek system. After Mattathias died, his sons continued the struggle along with those rejected the Greek pagan culture. This included a group known as the Hasideans (The righteous ones), who strictly followed the laws of Moses. Many died in the struggle, but in December, 164 B.C., the Maccabeans were able to capture the Temple and rededicate it serve God. Antiochus IV, was in the east conducting war against Elamites, he went insane on hearing the success of the Jews against his armies in Jerusalem and died. This rededication is known as Hanukkah, (Dedication) called the is know as the feast of dedication in John 10:22.
Daniel 11, verses 32 through 35 cover the time of the Maccabean rebellion against the pagan Greek culture. This struggle between those who know their God and those who do wickedly would continue until the end of time. Antiochus IV, was a type of the coming end-time, world leader. The Maccabean rebels were a type, of the righteous Jews who would reject the end time’s ruler and thus bring his “Last days” assault on Israel, resulting in the coming of the Messiah.
33 “And those of the people who understand shall instruct many; yet for many days they shall fall by sword and flame, by captivity and plundering….. “And some of those of understanding shall fall, to refine them, purify them, and make them white, until the time of the end; because it is still for the appointed time.
In Daniel 11:36 to 12:2, we emerge from out “Time tunnel” in the end of days, with the final king of the gentile world in charge and Israel in a very similar situation.
The King of the End Time
DA 11:36 “Then the king shall do according to his own will: he shall exalt and magnify himself above every god, shall speak blasphemies against the God of gods, and shall prosper till the wrath has been accomplished; for what has been determined shall be done.
The king shall do: The king here is the future king at the end of time. He is the last king of the Gentile powers, the final king before the return of Messiah. This king is ruler of the kingdom pictured as the Iron and clay toes in Daniel 2:44.
“And in the days of these kings the God of heaven will set up a kingdom which shall never be destroyed; and the kingdom shall not be left to other people; it shall break in pieces and consume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand forever.
He is the little horn of Daniel 7 who uproots three of his fellows,(Daniel 7:8,11, 19-21,23-26) the final earthly kingdom before the kingdom of God. He persecutes the saints before the Messiah returns, theson of man, who destroys his kingdom and establishes the kingdom of God, judges the horn.
“I was considering the horns, and there was another horn, a little one, coming up among them, before whom three of the first horns were plucked out by the roots. And there, in this horn, were eyes like the eyes of a man, and a mouth speaking pompous words.
24 The ten horns are ten kings Who shall arise from this kingdom. And another shall rise after them; He shall be different from the first ones, And shall subdue three kings.
25 He shall speak pompous words against the Most High, Shall persecute the saints of the Most High, And shall intend to change times and law. Then the saints shall be given into his hand For a time and times and half a time.
This future king is also pictured in Daniel chapter 8, foreshadowed by Antiochus IV Epiphanes by desecrating the future Temple, the Third Temple.
23 “And in the latter time of their kingdom, When the transgressors have reached their fullness, A king shall arise, Having fierce features, Who understands sinister schemes. Daniel 8:23
The End time’s king also referred to Daniel chapter 9 as the “Prince to come”, a descendent of the armies, which destroy Jerusalem and the Temple in A.D. 70. He guarantees Israel’s right to rebuild the Third Temple with a seven-year agreement, and breaks the agreement and desecrates the Temple at the mid-point, after 3 ½ years.
26 “And after the sixty-two weeks Messiah shall be cut off, but not for Himself; And the people of the prince who is to come Shall destroy the city and the sanctuary. The end of it shall be with a flood, And till the end of the war desolations are determined.
27 Then he shall confirm a covenant with many for one week; But in the middle of the week He shall bring an end to sacrifice and offering. And on the wing of abominations shall be one who makes desolate, Even until the consummation, which is determined, Is poured out on the desolate.”
There are three competing views on this section of scripture (Daniel 11:36-44).
- That it is further historical or prophetic account fulfilled in Antiochus IV Epiphanes.
- That it is wishful thinking by the author of Daniel which does not correspond to history.
- That it is prophecy yet to be fulfilled.
The first view does not correspond with Antiochus IV’s historical events. After the “Abomination of Desolation” (Daniel 11;31), Antiochus IV never defeated Egypt, because of Roman power stopped him, let alone defeat Libyians or Ethiopians (Verse 44).
The second, contradicts the liberal’s own position by saying, in the first place the accuracy of the chapter is because it was authored during the Maccabean period, denying its supernatural nature. Yet the author was wrong on the last part, because he did not have command of the facts.
The third view holds to the “futurist” view that the King is the last king, the end time’s ruler. According to Jerome’s commentary on Daniel, the Jews in Jerome’s day saw this individual as a future ruler yet fulfilled. Jerome comments,
The Jews believe that this passage has reference to the Antichrist, alleging that after the small help of Julian a king is going to rise up who shall do according to his own will and shall lift himself up against all that is called god, and shall speak arrogant words against the God of gods. He shall act in such a way as to sit in the Temple of God and shall make himself out to be God, and his will shall be prospered until the wrath of God is fulfilled, for in him the consummation will take place. We, too, understand this to refer to the Antichrist.
According: What follows from verse 36 to 39 are descriptive qualifiers about this end time ruler. First, we find he acts according to his own will; he is the fulfillment of the Nebuchadnezzar’s dream, humanism taken to its logical conclusion. Man acting according to his own will, not the will of God or any deity but his own.
Magnify himself: Like Antiochus IV, this king will make himself the focus of the world. This is in keeping with the nature of man. Antiochus IV installed an image of Zeus in the Temple of Jerusalem, which looked like himself. According to the book of Revelation, this is exactly what this is exactly what the Antichrist will do in the future in the Third Temple, except rather then Zeus it will be himself as the image.
14 And he deceives those who dwell on the earth by those signs which he was granted to do in the sight of the beast, telling those who dwell on the earth to make an image to the beast who was wounded by the sword and lived.
15 He was granted power to give breath to the image of the beast, that the image of the beast should both speak and cause as many as would not worship the image of the beast to be killed.
Blasphemies …God of gods: Another characteristic of this man is his hostility to the God of Israel, called the “God of gods”. The hostility toward the God of Israel, reflected in Antiochus IV, is ultimately fulfilled in the Antichrist.
Then he opened his mouth in blasphemy against God, to blaspheme His name, His tabernacle, and those who dwell in heaven. Revelation 13:6
Shall prosper: He will have success for a period. The Hebrew word xlc Tsalach, means to rush; to advance, prosper, make progress, succeed, be profitable. He will be unstoppable until the determined time is complete.
Till the wrath: The period of his prosperity is specifically stated as a period of 42 months, 1260 days, 3 ½ years. He will persecute the and prosper until period established by God runs its course.
He shall speak pompous words against the Most High, Shall persecute the saints of the Most High, And shall intend to change times and law. Then the saints shall be given into his hand For a time and times and half a time. Daniel 7:25
This period of time can be found both in Daniel and Revelation, Daniel’s 70 weeks is divided into two 3 ½-year periods. According to the Jewish year these periods would each be 1260 days, 3 ½ years, 42 months or a “time and times and half a time”.
|Characteristics of the King|
|Exalt and Magnify Himself above every God|
|Shall speak blasphemies against the God of gods|
|Shall prosper till the time of wrath has been accomplished|
|Shall not regard the god of his fathers|
|Shall not regard the desire of women|
|Shall not regard any god|
|Shall honor a god of fortresses|
Accomplished: God has a determined period, Gabriel informed Daniel three years earlier, Seventy sevens or 490 years were determined on his people and his city. At the conclusion of the last half, of the last seven, the wrath will be complete. Daniel 11:36 to 12:2 deal with the last seven years of the Seventy weeks.
Determined: #rx Charats, The Hebrew word means to cut, sharpen, decide, decree, determine, maim, move, be decisive, be mutilated. This period has been cut or divided on Israel from the time of Daniel, at this point in history this divided or cut time will be fulfilled.
The Final World Religion
DA 11:37 “He shall regard neither the God of his fathers nor the desire of women, nor regard any god; for he shall exalt himself above them all.
DA 11:38 “But in their place he shall honor a god of fortresses; and a god which his fathers did not know he shall honor with gold and silver, with precious stones and pleasant things.
DA 11:39 “Thus he shall act against the strongest fortresses with a foreign god, which he shall acknowledge, and advance its glory; and he shall cause them to rule over many, and divide the land for gain.
The God of his fathers: Daniel gives us insight into the religious background of the last king. This statement, “God of his fathers” has been the subject much debate. Based on this verse, some have concluded the Antichrist will have a Jewish background. However, the word for God here is ~yhla ‘elohiym not Jehovah. This means he will not believe in the God of his descendents, he will exalt himself above all that is called god.
Desire of Women: Based on these words, some have concluded the Antichrist will be homosexual, because he will not have a desire for women. Nevertheless, what this verse says he will not regard, what is “Desired of women” not he will not “Desire Women”.
The desire of every Jewish woman was to be the mother of the coming Messiah. The Messiah was promised to come from the seed of Woman (Genesis 3; 15). This king would not regard the Messiah, “The Desire of women”, nor would he regard the “God of his fathers”. This verse hints the Antichrist, will have Judea/Christian background. We know from Daniel 9:26, he will be a descendent of the armies which destroyed the Temple and Jerusalem, a Roman. Meaning he could very well have a Catholic background.
Any god: Regardless of his religious background, he will not regard any god, not the God of his fathers or any god.
Himself above them all: He himself will be central to this new faith; he will be deified, much like many of the rulers in history. Man’s ultimate temptation is self deification.
God of fortresses: Since verse 37 informs us, this king will regard no god, and place himself above all gods. What is meant here? The word fortress, zw[m Ma`owzmeans place or means of safety, protection, refuge, stronghold and is often translated strength. He will honor in the place of god, strength or power. He will honor the power of military might and strength.
North Korea, which is communist and atheistic, is a good picture of this new religion. The antichrist will be a materialist, denying the spiritual realm and exalting “military might”
honor with gold: This final form of materialism and power, will honored with the wealth of nations. The final religious system on earth, will be atheistic, militaristic and capitalistic. The chief focus will be in the person of the final world leader.
Foreign god: The focus on “Fortresses” and “himself” will be a foreign religion to the background of his ancestry.
Advance its glory: From the book of Revelation, we know Satan looses his place in Heaven and is cast to the Earth. On Earth, he incarnates the Antichrist, and assumes his power as head of his world kingdom. Thus advancing the his own power and glory, he is advancing the glory and power of Satan who will dwell in the body of the Antichrist.
3 And I saw one of his heads as if it had been mortally wounded, and his deadly wound was healed. And all the world marveled and followed the beast.
4 So they worshiped the dragon who gave authority to the beast; and they worshiped the beast, saying, “Who is like the beast? Who is able to make war with him?”
Rule over many: He will reward those who are loyal to him, by the division of property and goods.